In this section I have included a selection of factory marks for the period onwards. This website deals only with ware from the Osmaston Road Works. It should be appreciated the subject of date ciphers and factory marks in respect of Royal Crown Derby is a very complex one. Anyone requiring detailed information on this topic is advised to read the excellent paper by Ian Harding in Journal 6 of the Derby Porcelain international Society Fortuitously I have only needed to concentrate on a 34 year period. I have endeavoured to give sufficient information to give a reasonably accurate date of manufacture. For the purpose of elimination, below is a selection of factory marks for the period prior to , dated in accordance with date ciphers set out in the subsequent tables.
Identify Antique China Patterns
Watching the experts at antique roadshows or on auction house valuation days, you probably wonder just how they get so much information about a teacup, vase or a piece of silver simply by turning the item upside down. The fact is the markings that are stamped, painted or impressed on the underside of most antique items can help you tell a great deal about a piece other than just who made it.
The name of the pottery manufacturer and an approximate date of manufacture can be discovered if the piece of pottery has a backstamp or the silver item has a hallmark. A makers mark that they have learned over many years spent researching and studying antique marks. Dating an antique is a little like detective work.
How to interpret English Registry Marks and Numbers. A textbook example of early industrial capitalism was the nineteenth century British pottery Keep in mind that the date of design registration provides only a clue to the.
Moorcroft is one type of English ceramic ware that can be dated fairly easily using marks. William Moorcroft founded his own pottery company in Even though Moorcroft was working in a studio provided by Macintyre, he also signed Florian Ware pieces made there with his own name or initials. When he set up his own shop, he no longer used the Florian Ware name:. The money came from Liberty, the famous London store and Liberty continued to control Moorcroft until Moorcroft won accolades for his pottery work early on.
Among those awards was a gold medal at the St. Louis International Exhibition in
As peculiar as some of the pieces themselves, the language of ceramics is vast and draws from a global dictionary. Peruse our A-Z to find out about some of the terms you might discover in our incredible galleries. Ceramic objects are often identified by their marks.
Antique Collectors Guide to Pottery & Porcelain Marks – Antique Marks. May . Guide to dating Royal Doulton Marks and Doulton ceramics. The English Goldsmiths Marks from to ~ Makers Marks and Hallmarks from.
If you’ve inherited or purchased some pieces of antique china, it helps to know the process for learning more about your treasures. Often, the piece holds many clues, and understanding how to read these can help you identify the pattern. From that, you can get a sense of your china’s value and history. Before you can identify the pattern, you need to figure out what kind of china you have. Because porcelain production originated in China , Europeans and Americans used the term “china” to describe any fine porcelain piece.
However, there are actually several different kinds of china, each of which uses a specific production process. Since many manufacturers specialized in a single type of china, this can help narrow down the possibilities for your china pattern.
‘Made in England’ – what you can learn from a pottery backstamp
Why the marks are important T he object of a ceramic trade mark is to enable at least the retailer to know the name of the manufacturer of the object, so that re-orders, etc. In the case of the larger firms the mark also has publicity value and shows the buyer that the object was made by a long-established firm with a reputation to uphold; such clear name marks as Minton, Wedgwood, Royal Crown Derby and Royal Worcester are typical examples. To the collector the mark has greater importance, for not only can he trace the manufacturer of any marked object, but he can also ascertain the approximate date of manufacture and in several cases the exact year of production, particularly in the case of 19th and 20th century wares from the leading firms which employed private dating systems.
Marks include the date the given design was registered. Keep in mind, not every piece made in England held this mark, and remember the date.
If you pick up a piece of pottery and it has identifying marks such as a name or logo, you can easily determine the maker. This is a good place to start to identify the country of origin, if it is not shown. It is not that any piece over a certain weight is American pottery—it is the relationship between the size and the weight that helps determine the country of origin. The American pieces feel like they have “heavy bottoms” and often the walls are thicker than Japan and other foreign potteries.
Georgia, Alabama, and North and South Carolina have available veins of red clay that are suitable for pottery, so consider makers in those geographical areas if you have a red clay pot to identify. In most of the American pottery pieces, the bottom tells more than the glaze. The bottom shows the name, if there is one, the color of the clay, the way the piece is fired, and other characteristics that help with the identification.
If a piece is not American, refer to the sources abut English or Continental silver. Now, years later, collectors know that fine American silver was also made during the nineteenth, twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Learn to know good work by its shape, feel, and construction.
Collection of porcelain & pottery makers marks
The finest English porcelain, both soft and hard-paste was made between about and The first English porcelain was probably produced at Chelsea under Charles Gouyn, but his successor Nicholas Sprimont, a Flemish silversmith who took over management in , was responsible for the high-quality wares, especially the superb figures, for which the factory became famous. Factories at Worcester, Bow, and Derby also produced wares that rival those of the Continent.
Led by the ambitious, energetic, and enterprising Josiah Wedgwood and his successors at the Etruria factory, English potters in the late 18th and early 19th centuries became resourceful and inventive. Wedgwood’s contributions consisted mainly of a much improved Creamware, his celebrated jasperware, so-called black basalt, and a series of fine figures created by famous modelers and artists. After Wedgwood, other potters of the first half of the 19th century developed a number of new wares.
Geoffrey Godden’s ‘Encyclopaedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks’ is probably Gildea & Walker name, we are able to date the ware with great accuracy.
Please note – these marks do not apply to any other factory – only PZH. It is now known, through ‘new’ documents found, to have been founded around November earlier than the previously thought. Note – these marks do not apply to any other factory – only PZH. Much more information on the PZH factory can be found throughout this site. On the far left – the factory as it looked in Picture from a postcard. This picture shows the Zuid-Holland factory as it stood in August A sad sight when one can imagine the hustle and bustle of the place with its workers coming and going to their new workplace some years ago.
All of the factory, except the fronts you can see in the picture behind the streetlight and the water tower not seen , has now been demolished. The water tower can be seen in the postcard picture above. A new housing and apartment complex is to be built. The original fronts and water tower are to be retained in the new complex. Picture taken by Kim in October From the site of the old PZH factory, these pictures below show under construction some town houses and apartments.
How to Date Antique Teapots? Step-by-Step Procedure
The marks shown below are the primary company marks used by Hall China, to present, primarily on collectible dinnerware, teapots and accessories. Marks from are not included because those marks are mainly on earthenware’s, not Hall’s later craze-proof pottery. Please keep in mind that these are the general marks. There are many variations which could include pattern names, line names, private labels, copyright and trademark symbols and other additions or deletions. The marks shown here are black line drawings.
method of dating English delftware of the seventeenth and Anthony. Ray1s English Delftware Pottery in the Robert Hall Warren a blue brush mark.
This story covers the production of the ‘Made in England’ backstamp mosaic in the Potteries Museum and the information which can be found from such backstamps. Item details…. The mosaic was made by Emma Biggs as a homage to the ceramic history of ‘The Potteries’ and was installed in April Go to the item’s page. The ‘Made in England’ mosaic was commissioned to commemorate the glorious history of the ceramic history in the Potteries. Many of us who live in the area automatically turn over a piece of pottery we can’t immediately identify to look at the backstamp on its underside.
I was lucky enough to be able to work with Emma Biggs during the collection of the backstamps from plates donated by local people and I offered to write an article on what information can be found out from backstamps for the project Internet site.
Germany Earthenware; impressed Date used: ca. Trenton; N. Dinner; toilet seats; printed Date used: ca. Germany Porcelain Date used: — ca. New Chelsea Porcelain Co. Longton; Staffordshire; England Earthenware; printed; impressed Date used: Gustafsberg Gustafsberg; Sweden Faience; semiporcelain; earthenware Date used: — ca.
This page shows typical marks from Plateelbakkerij Zuid-Holland (PZH). PZH was One of the attractions of PZH and indeed any Gouda or other pottery, is the base mark. Is it not the first thing See more about date marks below. On the right.
The first basic teapot design was first created by porters during the Yuan Dynasty. History indicates that it was probably derived from wine pots and ceramic kettles that were made of metals such as bronze. However, the basic design of the teapot has scarcely evolved in close to a half millennium. Even in this 21 st century when tea preparation has shifted from using loose leaf tea to using teabags, the teapot has remained largely unchanged and ubiquitous.
For example, teapots made until the s had a rounded shape. After the s, teapots began to take the pear shape. By the s, teapots took straight sides. After that, they went back to the round shape, but this time they were fatter than those made before the s. Another way of dating teapots is to look at features. Antique teapots made in early didn’t feature glazing under the lid and the inside of the teapot rim.
To date an antique teapot, you must assess its condition. And although most of the antique teapots should show signs of wear and tear, the condition of the teapot should show its quality. Keep in mind that you may not be able to estimate the exact time when an antique teapot was made, but at least several things can give you a clue.
Collecting guide: 10 things you need to know about Chinese ceramics
While it is not possible to include a complete list, particularly those of extremely rare specimens, those compiled have particular reference to the marks of English china which is greatly in demand by collectors. These will suffice to enable the reader to identify pieces whenever encountered. The signatures or mark which the master craftsmen in earth or clay signed their products, just as a painter signs his work, were often specially designed devices of various kinds, often a combination of initials and dates.
Beginning more than a half century ago in the old La Farge House in lower Broadway where John La Farge was born the house of Gilman Collamore and Company has done much to develop an appreciation of fine china in America. It was one of the first houses to bring over from England and France china, both modern and old, for its American clients. At this time many fine specimens of old china are on view as well as complete stocks from the modern English and Continental manufacture.
It’s rare I can’t find and date a mark on any English china, even very old and new stuff, using this book. VERY useful. Mostly well organized. I consider it a.
As an avid antique collector and dealer, I have become well versed in spotting replicas. I like to share my knowledge with others. Pottery collectors today are interested in many kinds of pottery and porcelain. It’s often hard to identify old pottery because pieces’ crests are from all over the world. Most pottery companies marked their wares with a mark also known as a hallmark. However, some did not, leaving no way of identifying the piece.
Companies also changed hallmarks from time to time, which can lead to problems when one is attempting to identify a given piece. The process of identifying a piece of pottery can be frustrating. As a rule, pottery pieces were marked to show the company of origin. Some hallmarks were incised into the clay, some stamped, while others were painted onto the piece. Many companies used transfers to leave that all-important hallmark.
Many marks contain extra letters, numbers, and strange symbols along with the name of the country of origin.